Internet full form

Internet Full FormInterconnected Network
CategoryComputing ->Networking

Internet Full Form is: Interconnected Network

Introduction of Internet

  • The Internet is like a super-huge, worldwide network of computers, phones, and tablets that talk to each other.
  • It’s not something you can touch; it’s more like invisible highways connecting everything.
  • Think of it as a gigantic library with everything from fun videos to school stuff, all just a click away.
  • It’s made of websites (like different book sections) and web pages (like the pages in the books).
  • The Internet lets us send emails, talk to friends, buy things, learn, and watch shows online.
  • To get in, we use web browsers (like magic keys), which take us to this amazing world.
  • It’s like a super-fast postman, delivering messages and info to people worldwide in a flash.

What is the Internet?

  • The Internet is a network connecting different types of computers all over the world.
  • It is a very large wide area network (WAN) that connects computers and surrounding networks around the World.
  • It makes it possible for millions of users to connect with each other Telephone lines, cable lines, and satellites.
  • The Internet is like a massive digital web that connects people and information worldwide.
  • It’s not something you can touch but a super-fast highway for sharing all kinds of stuff.
  • You use a web browser (like Chrome or Safari) to get in and explore.
  • Think of it as a huge playground, a library of knowledge, a shopping mall, a cinema, and a school all rolled into one.

How did the Internet develop?

  • The Internet started in the 1960s as a project by the U.S. government called ARPANET.
  • ARPANET is known as the forefather of the internet.
  • It was like a small club of universities and research centers sharing information.
  • In the 1970s, email was invented, making it easier for people to communicate online.
  • The 1980s saw the development of the World Wide Web (WWW), making it easier to access information and websites.
  • By the 1990s, the Internet went global, connecting people and computers all around the world.
  • Today, it keeps growing, and we use it for everything from chatting with friends to watching movies and learning new things.

Internet growth trends

  • 1990s – The Dawn of the Internet

    • The Internet started to become accessible to the public.
    • Email and basic websites emerged.
  • 2000s – The Web Goes Global

    • High-speed broadband became more common.
    • Online shopping and social media took off.
  • 2010s – The Age of Mobility

    • Smartphones and mobile apps changed how we access the internet.
    • Streaming services like Netflix and YouTube became popular.
  • 2020s – The Internet of Things

    • More devices (like smart home gadgets) are connected to the internet.
    • 5G networks bring even faster speeds and greater connectivity.

How the Internet Works

  1. Data Packets: Information on the internet is broken into small pieces called data packets.
  2. Addresses: Each packet has a sender and recipient address, like a virtual envelope.
  3. Routers: Routers act like postmen, directing data packets to their destinations.
  4. Servers: Special computers called servers store and share web pages and content.
  5. Web Browsers: Browsers like Chrome or Firefox help you view websites and web pages.
  6. Modems: Modems translate data between your device and the internet.
  7. ISP: Your Internet Service Provider connects your home to the Internet.
  8. Wireless: Wi-Fi and mobile data allow wireless internet access.
  9. Protocols: Rules and languages, like HTTP and HTTPS, make sure data is understood.
  10. Security: Encryption keeps your data safe while traveling on the internet.
  11. Backbone: Massive undersea and land cables make up the internet’s physical structure.

Some Popular Internet Search Engines

1) Google
2) Bing
3) Ask.com
4) MSN
5) YAHOO!

Basic services of Internet

Basic services of Internet
Basic services of Internet
  1. Electronic mail
  2. FTP
  3. Telnet
  4. Usenet news
  5. The World Wide Web
  6. DNS
  7. Internet Protocol
  8. ISP

1) Electronic Mail

  • It is also known as e-mail in short.
  • It enables one to send and receive mail (messages).
  • Electronic mail, or email, is like digital letters you send using your computer.
  • It’s super quick, arriving almost instantly, unlike traditional mail.
  • You can write emails to friends, family, or colleagues, no matter where they are in the world.
  • Just like real letters, emails have a “to” address, a subject, and your message.
  • You can also attach files, like photos or documents, to your emails.
  • Email is a fast and convenient way to stay in touch and share information.

2) FTP

  • It enables users to move a file from one computer to another computer.
  • FTP stands for File Transfer Protocol, and it’s like a digital delivery service for files.
  • It helps you send and receive files over the Internet, like pictures, documents, or software.
  • You can use FTP to share files with friends, update websites, or back up important data.
  • It’s like having a digital postman to move your files from one place to another online.
  • FTP is handy for businesses, web developers, and anyone who needs to move files around on the Internet.

3) Telnet

  • Telnet service enables users to log in to another computer on the internet from their
    local computer for use:
    1. The computing power of the remote computer.
    2. Software on the remote computer.
    3. Database of the remote computer.
    5. This action is called ‘remote login’.
  • People use Telnet for tasks like checking email on a server, managing network devices, or troubleshooting remote computers.
  • It’s like having a digital magic wand to work on a computer from a distance.
  • While it’s useful, it’s essential to use Telnet securely to protect sensitive information.

4) Usenet news

  • Usenet news service enables a group of internet users to exchange their views, ideas, and information on some common topic of the internet.
  • 2 types of newsgroups:
    1. Moderated
    2. Non-moderated
  • Usenet News is like an early form of online discussion forums or message boards.
  • It started in the late ’70s and was a place for people to chat, share news, and exchange ideas.
  • Users posted messages in different categories or “newsgroups” on a wide range of topics.
  • It’s a bit like an ancestor of today’s social media and online communities.
  • While it’s not as popular as it once was, Usenet played a vital role in the development of online communication.

5) The World Wide Web

  • It is the most popular method of accessing the internet.
  • It was created in the 1980s and became a way to organize and access data using web pages.
  • It uses a concept called hypertext.
  • Hypertext documents on the internet are known as web pages.
  • Web pages are created by using a special language.
  • Web pages are like digital documents with text, images, and links to other pages.
  • called HyperText Markup Language(HTML).
  • You use web browsers (like Chrome or Firefox) to explore the Web.
  • It’s where you find websites, articles, videos, and much more, making it easy to learn, have fun, and connect with others online.

6) DNS

  • DNS stands for Domain Name System, which is like the Internet’s phone book.
  • It translates website names (like google.com) into IP addresses that computers understand.
  • When you type a web address, DNS helps your device find the correct server on the Internet.
  • It’s like a helpful guide that directs you to the right location on the digital map.
  • Without DNS, you’d have to remember long strings of numbers instead of user-friendly web addresses.

7) Internet Protocol

  • Internet Protocol (IP) is like a set of rules that devices on the Internet follow to communicate.
  • It assigns a unique address (IP address) to each device, like a phone number for the Internet.
  • Devices use IP addresses to find and talk to each other, just like people use phone numbers to call each other.
  • It’s the backbone of the Internet, making sure data gets to the right place, like a postal system for the digital world.
  • There are two main versions, IPv4 and IPv6, with IPv6 being the newer one to accommodate more devices on the Internet.

8) ISP

  • An ISP, or Internet Service Provider, is like a bridge that connects your home computer to the Internet.
  • It’s the company you pay to access the web, and they provide you with an Interconnected Network connection.
  • Your ISP gives you a unique IP address and ensures your data can travel back and forth from your computer to the Interconnected Network.
  • It’s similar to a post office that delivers your letters and packages to the rest of the world.

Read more about Internet click here : इंटरनेट क्या है? | What is the Internet, its History, Uses, and Types?

Uses of the Internet

  1. Software sharing
  2. Product Promotion
  3. Feedback about product
  4. Customer support service
  5. Communication: Send emails, chat with friends, and make video calls.
  6. Information: Access a world of knowledge, from news to research.
  7. Entertainment: Stream movies, watch videos, and play online games.
  8. Education: Take online courses, research topics, and learn new skills.
  9. Socializing: Connect with friends and family through social media.
  10. Shopping: Buy clothes, gadgets, and more from online stores.
  11. Work: Many jobs rely on the Internet for tasks and communication.
  12. Banking: Manage your finances, pay bills, and transfer money online.
  13. Healthcare: Access medical information, make appointments, and consult with doctors.
  14. Research: Gather data, conduct studies, and collaborate with researchers globally.

Difference between the web and the internet

AspectThe InternetThe World Wide Web (Web)
DefinitionThe Interconnected Network is like a massive network of connected computers and devices worldwide. It’s the infrastructure, like the roads and highways of the digital world.The web, on the other hand, is a part of the Interconnected Network. It’s a collection of websites, pages, and content you can access using web browsers. Think of it as the destinations you can reach via those digital roads.
FunctionThe Interconnected Network serves as the foundation for various services and communication, including email, online games, video calls, and more.The web is primarily about accessing and sharing information through websites, blogs, social media, videos, and online resources. It’s the part of the internet you use for browsing and searching.
AccessTo access the Interconnected Network, you need an Interconnected Network Service Provider (ISP) to connect your device to the global network.Accessing the web requires a web browser (like Chrome, Firefox, or Safari) to view web pages.
ExamplesEmail, online gaming, video conferencing, file sharing, and other non-web services are part of the Interconnected Network.Websites like Google, Facebook, Wikipedia, YouTube, and blogs are part of the web.
InteractivityThe Interconnected Network encompasses various types of interactions, including real-time communication, file transfers, and more.The web is primarily focused on browsing and retrieving information, but it can include interactive elements like forms and online shopping.
AnalogyImagine the Interconnected Network as a vast global infrastructure, like a network of roads and highways connecting cities and towns.Think of the web as the destinations you reach using those roads – it’s like the places you visit in different cities.

What are the basic requirements to get an internet connection?

  • Device: You’ll need a computer, smartphone, or tablet to access the Interconnected Network.
  • Internet Service Provider (ISP): Choose an ISP and set up an account; they’ll provide the connection.
  • Modem/Router: You’ll need a modem to connect to your ISP and a router to create a Wi-Fi network for wireless devices.
  • Web Browser: Install a web browser (like Chrome or Firefox) to surf the web.
  • Cabling: For wired connections, you’ll need Ethernet cables to connect your device to the modem or router.
  • Wi-Fi Device: If you want wireless access, ensure your device has Wi-Fi capabilities.
  • Payment: You’ll need to pay for the internet service, usually on a monthly basis.
  • Installation: Some ISPs might require a technician to set up the connection, while others offer self-install kits.
  • Password/Security: Secure your Wi-Fi network with a strong password to protect your connection.
  • Location: Make sure you’re in an area with coverage by your chosen ISP.

Advantages of Internet

  1. Access to Information: You can find answers to almost any question, learn new skills, and stay updated on news and trends.
  2. Communication: Stay connected with friends and family through email, video calls, and social media, no matter where they are.
  3. Entertainment: Enjoy a world of movies, music, games, and funny cat videos right at your fingertips.
  4. Online Shopping: Shop for clothes, gadgets, and groceries from the comfort of your home.
  5. Education: Take online courses, research topics, and access resources for learning.
  6. Work and Business: Many jobs and businesses rely on the Internet for communication, marketing, and operations.
  7. Efficiency: Complete tasks faster, from paying bills to booking flights, without leaving your chair.
  8. Global Reach: Connect with people, cultures, and ideas from around the world.
  9. Creativity: Share your art, writing, and ideas with a worldwide audience.
  10. Convenience: It’s like having a 24/7 open library, post office, and shopping mall right on your screen.

Disadvantages of internet

  • Information Overload: Too much information can be overwhelming and make it challenging to find what you need.
  • Privacy Concerns: Your personal information may not always be as private as you think.
  • Security Risks: You might encounter scams, viruses, or hackers looking to steal your data.
  • Addiction: Spending too much time online can lead to neglecting other important aspects of life.
  • Cyberbullying: The Interconnected Network can be a platform for hurtful comments and actions.
  • Isolation: Excessive online time might reduce face-to-face interactions with friends and family.
  • False Information: Not everything online is accurate, which can lead to misunderstandings.
  • Health Concerns: Prolonged screen time can lead to physical and mental health issues.
  • Distraction: It’s easy to get sidetracked when studying or working online.
  • Costs: High-speed Interconnected Network, devices, and subscriptions can add up.

Web Addresses

Web address
Web Addresses

The World Wide Web is a network of electronic files stored on millions of computers. All over the world. Hypertext links these resources together. Uniform Resource Locator Or URLs are addresses that are used to locate files. Each URL is unique and identifies A specific file.

Example:

https://www.99smartpc.com/
The home page of 99smartpc

Domain Names

  • What is a Domain Name?

    • A domain name is like a web address for finding websites on the Interconnected Network.
    • It’s the name you type into a web browser’s address bar, like “https://www.99smartpc.com
  • How It Works

    • Domain names are translated into IP addresses (like digital phone numbers) so computers can find websites.
    • This translation is done by the Domain Name System (DNS), a kind of internet directory.
  • Choosing a Domain Name

    • Pick a name that represents your website or business, like “https://www.99smartpc.com
    • It should be easy to remember and type.
  • Domain Extensions

    • The “com” in “https://www.99smartpc.com” is called a domain extension or top-level domain (TLD).
    • Common TLDs include .com, .org, and .net, but there are many others, like .blog, .guru, and .app.
  • Registering a Domain

    • You can register a domain name through a domain registrar like GoDaddy or Namecheap.
    • Once registered, you own that web address for a specified time.
  • Renewal

    • Domains need to be renewed periodically to keep them active.
    • If you forget to renew, someone else might grab your domain.

Domain Extensions

Domain extensions are like the endings to website addresses. You know, the .com, .org, or .net part you see at the end of a web address? They tell you something about the website. Here’s what a few common ones mean:

  • .com: Often used for businesses and commercial websites.
  • .org: Common for non-profit organizations.
  • .gov: Used by government websites.
  • .edu: Belongs to educational institutions, like schools and universities.
  • .io: A trendy choice for tech startups.
  • .app: Shows it’s an application or app-related site.
  • .blog: Likely a blog or personal website.

FAQ’s

  1. What is the full form of the Internet?

    • The full form of the Internet is “Interconnected Networks.” It’s a global network that connects millions of devices and computers worldwide.
  2. Who invented the Internet, and how did it start?

    • The Interconnected Network as we know it today began with a project called ARPANET in the 1960s, initiated by the U.S. government. It was created to connect universities and research institutions. Over time, it evolved into the global network we use today.
  3. What are the main functions of the Internet?

    • The Internet serves various functions, including communication (email, video calls), information access (research, news), entertainment (streaming, gaming), education (online courses), and much more. It’s a versatile tool that has transformed how we live and work.

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