Web technology

What is web technology?

web development

The methods by which computers communicate with each other through the use of markup languages and multimedia packages are known as web technology.

Web technology refers to the technologies and tools used to create, manage, and deliver content over the World Wide Web. It encompasses a wide range of technologies, including programming languages, frameworks, protocols, and tools.

At its core, web technology refers to the tools, protocols, and practices that drive the World Wide Web, better known as the Internet. It encompasses everything from the websites you visit daily to the behind-the-scenes magic that enables data to travel across the globe in a matter of seconds.

Web technology is what makes the digital universe accessible, functional, and endlessly captivating.

Table of Contents

What is the use of Web technology?

  • Computers and other network devices need to communicate.
  • The mechanism must ensure that a message moves from the sender to the recipient, enabling the receiver to retrieve the message, send feedback, and acknowledge the reception or failure of communication.
  • A mechanism must make it possible for a computer to communicate with another computer on the same network or another network.
  • These include online appointment scheduling programs, websites, and a way for customers to chat with representatives. Also, Web technology makes it possible for businesses to collect data on their customers to further customize their services.
  • A variety of Web technology is vital to the function and success of many businesses.

How are they developed?

web tech uses

1) Markup Languages

2) Programming Languages

1) Markup Languages

Markup languages like HTML, CSS, and XML are part of Web technology we can see in detail below.

Two types of markup languages include procedural markup and descriptive markup. Additional types of languages include CGI and HTTP

These languages tell computers in text how to format, layout, and style Web pages and programs.

Markup languages are languages that are used to annotate text and add structure to it, typically for the purpose of rendering the text in a specific way. Markup languages use tags to define different types of content, such as headings, paragraphs, links, and images, and to specify how the content should be displayed.

There are many different markup languages, but some of the most common ones include:

  • HTML (Hypertext Markup Language) – the standard markup language used for creating web pages and other web-based content.
  • XML (Extensible Markup Language) –  a markup language used for encoding documents in a way that is both human-readable and machine-readable.
  • Markdown – a lightweight markup language used for creating formatted text that can be easily converted to HTML or other formats.
  • LaTeX – a markup language used for typesetting scientific and technical documents.
  • YAML (YAML Ain’t Markup Language) – a human-readable data serialization language used for configuration files and other data storage applications.

Markup languages are used in a wide range of applications, including web development, document management, scientific publishing, and more. They provide a flexible and extensible way to annotate and structure content, making it easier to process and display the content in a meaningful way.

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2)  Programming Languages

Programming languages include PHP server-side scripting language, Perl, C#, Java, and Visual Basic. NET. These languages are used by Web developers to create websites and applications. Each language has pros and cons, and most developers know several different types to help them achieve their goals.

How does the Website Work?

A website works as below points

  • A user enters a URL into a browser (for example, Google.com) This request is passed to a domain name server.
  • The domain name server returns an IP address for the server that hosts the Website (for example,
  • The browser requests the page from the Web server using the IP address specified by the domain name server.
  • The Web server returns the page to the IP address specified by the browser requesting the page. The page may also contain links to other files on the same server, such as images, which the browser will also request.
  • The browser collects all the information and displays it to your computer in the form of a Web page.

What are Client and server-side scripting languages?

web developer

Client-side scripting languages are programming languages that run on the user’s web browser. These languages are used to create interactive web pages that respond to user actions without requiring the server to reload the entire page. Examples of client-side scripting languages

Examples: HTML, CSS, and JavaScript.

Server-side scripting is a technique of programming for producing the code that can run software on the server side, in simple words any scripting or programming that can run on the web server is known as server-side scripting. The operations like customization of a website, dynamic change in the website content, response generation to the user’s queries, accessing the database, and so on are performed at the server end.

Examples: PHP, Python, JSP, ASP, etc.

What is a website?

A website is a collection of web pages that are hosted on a web server and can be accessed through the internet.


A website is a collection of publicly accessible, interlinked Web pages that share a single domain name. Websites can be created and maintained by an individual, group, business, or organization to serve a variety of purposes. Together, all publicly accessible websites constitute the World Wide Web.

There are two types of websites:

1) Static website

2) Dynamic website

1) Static website: Static website is a basic type of website that is easy to create. You don’t need knowledge of web programming and database design to create a static website. Its web pages are coded in HTML.

The codes are fixed for each page so the information contained in the page does not change and it looks like a printed page.

Static websites are suitable for small businesses or individuals who need to establish an online presence with basic information about themselves or their services.

2) Dynamic website: A dynamic website is a collection of dynamic web pages whose content changes dynamically. Dynamic websites are more complex than static websites and are created using server-side programming languages such as PHP, Python, and Ruby on Rails. The content on a dynamic website changes based on the user’s input, the database, or the server’s response.

Dynamic websites can provide more advanced functionality such as user registration, e-commerce features, and interactive web applications. These websites are suitable for larger businesses or organizations that require more advanced functionality and interactivity.

Difference between a Static website and a Dynamic website

FeatureStatic WebsiteDynamic Website
ProgrammingHTML and CSS        server-side programming languages like PHP, Python, Java, or Ruby
DatabaseNo database requireRequires a database to store and manage dynamic content
ContentFixed content no change when developing a website. Prebuilt content is the same every time the page is Loaded.Dynamic content
FunctionalityBasic functionality usedAdvanced functionality like e-commerce, user registration, and web applications
Development timeFaster to developLonger development time due to server-side programming and database management
CostLower costHigher cost due to server hosting, database management, and programming requirements
ExamplesPersonal websites, brochure websitesE-commerce sites, social media platforms, web applications

Role of web technology in your life

Web technology has woven itself into the fabric of our daily lives. That’s why you can buy groceries online, connect with friends around the world, or learn a new skill through online courses.

It is the engine that powers the information age, and understanding it is like getting a backstage pass into the digital world.

Whether you are a web developer, a curious learner, or simply an avid user of the Internet, web technology is a fascinating area to explore. It’s an area where creativity, innovation, and problem-solving come together to shape the digital landscape we navigate every day.

Why choose a career in web technology?

Now, let’s talk about why a career in web technology is an excellent choice:

Skills in Demand:

The digital world is expanding, and businesses large and small are in constant need of web technology experts. This high demand translates into abundant employment opportunities.

Diverse Job Roles:

The web technology field offers a wide range of roles, from web developers and designers to data analysts and cyber security experts. You can choose a specialization that suits your interests and talents.

Continuous Learning:

Web technology is a dynamic field that is always evolving. This means there will never be a dull moment and you will have the opportunity to learn and grow throughout your career.

Creativity meets problem-solving:

This is an area that combines creativity and logical thinking. Whether you’re designing a great website or troubleshooting code, there’s room for both artistic expression and analytical problem-solving.

Flexible work environment:

Web technology professionals often have the flexibility to work remotely or freelance, allowing a work-life balance that suits your needs.

Web Technology Career Path

Web technology offers diverse career paths to explore:

Web Developer:

Create websites and web applications, working on both front-end (user interface) and back-end (server-side) development.

UI/UX Designer:

Focus on visual and user experience aspects, designing web interfaces that are visually appealing and user-friendly.

Data Analyst:

Work with data to extract insights and aid decision-making, often using languages like Python and R.

Cyber Security Specialist:

Protect websites and data from online threats and security breaches.

Digital Marketer:

Use web technology to develop online marketing strategies and optimize digital campaigns.


Build your web technology career as a self-employed professional by taking up projects independently.

A career in web technology is an exciting journey filled with opportunities for learning, creativity, and personal growth. This is a field that enables you to shape the digital world and make a tangible impact. Whether you have a passion for creating beautiful web designs, writing efficient code, or analyzing data, there is a place for you in web technology.

So, go ahead and take the first step. Dive into the world of web technology, and start shaping the digital landscape of tomorrow. Your adventure starts here!

Web Technology in Practice

Now that we’ve covered the fundamental concepts and the latest trends, let’s explore how web technology is put into practice across various domains:

1. E-Commerce –

  • E-commerce websites use web technology to create user-friendly interfaces, secure payment gateways, and recommendation engines.

2. Media and Entertainment –

  • Streaming platforms rely on web technology for video delivery, content management, and user personalization.

3. Healthcare –

  • Telemedicine and healthcare management systems utilize web technology to connect patients and healthcare providers and manage patient data.

4. Education –

  • Online learning platforms leverage web technology to deliver courses, assessments, and collaborative tools to students.

5. Finance –

  • Banking and financial institutions use web technology for online banking, trading platforms, and financial analytics.


1) What is web technology?

Answer: Web technology refers to the tools, software, protocols, and standards used in the development and operation of websites and web applications.

2) What is the World Wide Web (WWW)?

Answer: The World Wide Web is a system of interconnected documents and resources linked together through hyperlinks and URLs accessible through the Internet.

3) What is a web browser?

Answer: A web browser is a software application that allows users to access and view websites on the Internet. Examples include Chrome, Firefox, and Safari.

4) What is HTML and why is it important for web development?

Answer: HTML (HyperText Markup Language) is a markup language used to create the structure and content of web pages. It is a fundamental building block of web development.

5) What is CSS and how is it related to web design?

Answer: CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) is used to define the visual appearance and layout of web pages. It styles HTML elements to create visually appealing websites.

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