Dr salim ali | डॉ. सलीम अली की जीवनी

Today we will see interesting topic An ornithologist who developed holistically the ornithology of India.

Autobiography of Salim Ali (1896-1987)

Early Life

  • Name – Salim Moizuddin Abdul Ali.
  • Birth – 12 November 1896.
  • Born – In Khetwadi, Mumbai.
  • Parents – Moizuddin and Zeenat-un-nissa.
  • Guardians – Amiruddin Tyabji and Hamida Begum.
  • Nationality – Indian.
  • Awards – Padma bhushan, Padma Vibhushan
  • Profession -Ornithologist and Naturalist.
  • Known as – Grand old man of India / Birdman of India.
  • Died – 20 June 1987, Mumbai.

Salim Ali information in english

dr salim ali – Dr. The name Salim Ali became immortal because of his love for birds. This hobbyist Paksimitra devoted his entire life to observing and studying the birds of the Indian subcontinent. Salim Ali, who always enjoyed birds, animals and nature, taught the masses how to live on birds. His valuable researches in ornithology, discovery of rare birds and valuable books related to them helped in overall development of ornithology in India.


Salim Ali was born on 12 November 1896 in Mumbai. He was fond of bird watching since his childhood. It was caused by a yellow-spotted sparrow! At the age of 12, he found this yellow-spotted sparrow. To identify her, he went to the Bombay Natural History Society (BNHS) and immersed himself in the environment, the bird collection, his studies. This partisanship lasted forever. He later graduated from St. Xavier’s College with a degree in Zoology. For further studies, he Moved here to Berlin in 1929. There he got the guidance of famous ornithologist Irwin Stresemann. Next, Dr. Ali had Hughes Whistler, E.C. Enjoyed the company of ornithologists and naturalists like Stuart, Baker. It was these scientists who first laid the foundation of ornithology in India.


In 1931, dr salim ali returned to India and began his real work. With the help of ‘Bombay Natural History Society’, he conducted birding expeditions in dense forests, remote mountains, desert areas of different parts of India. By expanding the scope of this pilgrimage, he paved the way for the Indian subcontinent. These work people von Tho He was helped by people like these. During this period, Salim Ali collected a lot of information about birds, different species of birds. While doing all this, he started writing.

Salim Ali’s books

He wrote numerous books like ‘Indian Hill Birds’, ‘Birds of Kerala’ which increased the curiosity of the readers about the birds by describing the various expeditions, including the success, detailing about the unique birds. His autobiography ‘Fall of a Sparrow’ became very popular. Around 1941, he wrote the book ‘The Book of Indian Birds’. Salim Ali gave illustrated information about 278 birds found almost all over India. So far it has released more than 12 versions. It became the most popular book about birds in India. dr salim ali did not stop at just writing books. His study and research in ornithology continued.

He published ten volumes of ‘Handbook of the Birds of India and Pakistan including Nepal, Sikkim, Bhutan, Sri Lanka between 1968 and 1976 in collaboration with noted ornithologist Dean Ripley. It contains complete information including taxonomy of 2060 birds of Indian subcontinent. For birders, this volume is a legend as the color, form, size, group, caste-subspecies, behavior of each bird is illustrated and tabulated. These volumes earned Salim Ali recognition as a world ornithologist.

About Salim Ali

Along with writing dr salim ali’s researches, studies, discovery of rare birds are equally important. From earlier he was very fond of Sugaran birds and their nests. He carefully observed for hours how these birds build their nests, what are their habits during the breeding season. He went to Konkan and studied Sunbirds and Fulto’s birds. With the help of ornithologist John Harrell Crook, he rediscovered the Fins Baia’ bird in the Kumaon Terai region of the Himalayas. He did many researches like florists and flowers for birds, beak structure of birds for specific flowers, comprehensive study of birds in old Hyderabad state. The information about the birds of Bharatpur Sanctuary came to the world only because of Salim Ali. He discovered the waterfowl breeding colony of Ranganathittu near Mysore. Later there was a sanctuary. He really gave shelter to Rohit birds in Kutch. Even at his own age, he discovered cranes in the rugged, rocky terrain of Ladakh. There is an unbreakable relationship between animals and birds and nature.

Therefore, in the case of ‘Silent Valley’, Dr. Salim Ali raised the issue of environment in a eloquent manner. A Corsair sanctuary in Andhra Pradesh was also protected through their efforts. Under the guidance of Salim Ali, several schemes were implemented for the conservation of the endangered Bengal Chinese peacock, small Indian Chinese peacock and Maldok birds.

dr salim ali showed that there is a lot of difference between just watching birds, and actually studying their habits, castes, not only for research about them, but also for their protection. Dr. Salim Ali’s passion for birding attracted many birdwatching disciples around him. Many people got their degrees by researching under his guidance.

Salim Ali death

Salim Ali has been honored with many domestic and foreign awards in recognition of his work was done Padma Vibhushan, J. This great ornithologist, who always lived on the ground and shared a relationship with the birds of the sky, died on June 20, 1987 despite being honored with the Paulgetty International Award. The Salim Ali Center for Ornithology and Natural History (SACON) was established in his memory at Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu.

Who is salim ali ?

Salim Ali, known as the Birdman of India, was a super cool bird expert. He spent a lot of time studying and documenting birds in India, writing a famous book called “The Book of Indian Birds” to make bird knowledge accessible to everyone. Salim Ali was not just about studying birds; he was also a big champion for their protection. He believed in saving their homes and making sure they could live happily. For all his awesome bird work, he got many awards and played a big part in making bird science popular in India.

Salim Ali Awards

In 1958, he received the Padma Bhushan, a prestigious civilian honor in India, followed by the Padma Vibhushan in 1976, an even higher recognition for his remarkable contributions. He was awarded the Joy Govinda Law Gold Medal by the Asiatic Society of Bengal for his work on Sunder Lal Hora in 1953. He received the John C. Phillips Memorial Medal of the International Union for the Conservation of Nature and its Resources.

Salim Ali Books

Dr. Salim Ali, a bird enthusiast, wrote some amazing books about birds. Here are a few –

  1. The Book of Indian Birds (1941) – It’s like a guidebook to birds in India, co-written with S. Dillon Ripley.
  2. Handbook of the Birds of India and Pakistan (with J.C. Daniel) – A big series covering birds in India.
  3. The Birds of Sikkim (1964) – All about the birds in the northeastern state of Sikkim.
  4. Birds of Kerala (with S. Dillon Ripley) – Focuses on the birds in the beautiful state of Kerala.
  5. Common Birds (1974) – A simple guide to common birds in India.

Dr salim ali bird sanctuary goa

The dr salim ali Bird Sanctuary is located in Goa, India, named after the renowned ornithologist Dr. Salim Ali. This sanctuary is a safe haven for various birds and other wildlife. You can enjoy the adorned mangrove forests by taking a boat ride and witness a diverse range of birds, such as herons, eagles, and other beautiful species. It’s not just a visually appealing tourist spot but also contributes to the conservation of the rich birdlife in the area.

Dr salim ali biography pdf

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